The initiative being discussed at the New York City meeting in May - Genome Project-write (GP-write) - has been surrounded by worries over creating unnatural beings in the labs.
The GP-write consortium members believe that turning to human genome synthesis will also enable new cell therapies and other medical advances.
The overall project is still under development, and scientists are also unclear where funding will come from.
The synthetic genomes and chromosomes already constructed by scientists are by no means simple, but to synthesize the human genome, scientists will have to address a whole other level of complexity.
Our genome is composed of more than 3 billion bases across 23 paired chromosomes. And to synthesize the human genome could mean scientists will have to address a whole other level of complexity.
The GP-Write project is being managed by the Center of Excellence for Engineering Biology, a new non-profit organisation.